Saturday, June 1, 2019
Julius Caesar Essay: Gender Transformation of Caesar -- Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar Gender Transformation of Caesar Shakespeares Julius Caesar opens with the concurrent celebrations of Caesars defeat of Pompey and the annual fertility festival of Lupercal. The coupling of the two historically separate events each celebrating distinct sexuality roles dramatically highlights the importance of gender characterization. Romes patriarchal society demands a leader who embodies the virile spirit of the state with leadership marked by strength, courage, and constancy. Caesar quite befittingly assumes this role as he returns valiant and victorious from the battlefields thus, in order to remove him the strong ruler of Rome, Caesars enemies must retrench his masculinity. Roman society considers women as the embodiment of weaknesses, thinking that their physical, mental, and political inferiority make them of little wasting disease beyond reproductive purposes, explaining why aspirants to the throne feminize the identity of the masculine warrior skeletal syst em to position him as unfit for the crown. The portrayal of the two female characters of the novel, Portia and Calphurnia, captures the prevailing stereotypical perceptions of women. Caesars wife, Calphurnia, demonstrates womens predisposition towards fearfulness and superstition when she pleads with Caesar to remain at home subsequently dreaming that a statue made in the likeness was Cesar pouring forth blood. Calphurnia establishes the sentiment that fear is a feminine trait with her entreaty to Caesar asking him to use her anxiety as an alibi, saying, Do not go forth today. Call it my fear. (2.2.50). Caesar agrees to this arrangement temporarily with a veiled acknowledgment of the reality- a rhetorical header relating to the fact that he is afeard to tell th... ... and Brutus. Cassius proclaims in his death Guide thou the sword- Caesar, thou art revenged, /Eve with the sword that killed thee (5.3.45-46). This conclusion of ultimate mastery of the masculine spirit seems the sole(prenominal) fitting outcome for Shakespeare to engineer if his play is to be a true reflection of Roman culture. Women hold value only in terms of the services that the provide which advance the interests of the masculine community, and in this case, the conspirators needed grounds to render Caesar inadequate for his position and feminizing him provides a useful utensil in doing so. The retransformation of Caesar solidifies itself in Octavious declaration to the world that This was a man, (5.5.75) reinforcing the notion that the masculine spirit will prevail in Roman society. Works CitedShakespeare, William. Julius Caesar. novel York Simon, 1975.